Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was approved during the 2nd Conference of the United Nations on the Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. It was signed and ratified by Brazil and has as its objectives the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and repartition of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources.  The Decision V/5 was adopted during the 5th Conference of the Parties to the CBD, held in Nairobi from May 15-26, 2000. It is one of the most important international instruments related to the environment and functions as a legal/political umbrella for diverse conventions and more specific environmental accords. The CBD is the principle world forum for the definition of the legal and political framework for themes and questions related to biodiversity; more than 190 countries have already signed, and more than 180 countries have already ratified it.

Nagoya's COP 2010 official site cliking here.

 The CBD has been defining important legal and political world frameworks that guide the management of biodiversity throughout the world: The Cartagena Protocol on Biosecurity, which establishes the rules for cross-border movement of living, genetically modified organisms (GMO’s); the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which establishes, within the FAO, the rules for access to vegetable genetic resources and for the repartition of benefits; the Bonn Directives, which guide the establishment of national legislation for regulating access to genetic resources and for repartition of benefits resulting from the utilization of these resources (combatting biopiracy); the Directives for Sustainable Tourism and Biodiversity; the Addis Ababa Principles for Sustainable Use of Biodiversity; the Directives for Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Invasive Exotic Species; and the Principles and Directives for Ecosystem Sampling for the Management of Biodiversity. Equally within the CBD, the negotiation of an International Regimen on Access to Genetic Resources and Repartition of Benefits resulting from this access was initiated.

The year 2010 was coined by the United Nations as the International Year of Biodiversity and in the second half of October the 10th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Organization on Biodiversity will be held in Nagoya, Japan. Read more on the evaluation undertaken among the parties to the CBD here.

Source:  Mechanisms of the CBD, Ministry of the Environment, accessed in September of 2010. Access by clicking here.