The program Protected Areas of the Amazon (ARPA), created by Decree 4326/2002, is the largest program of conservation and sustainable use of tropical forests in the world and has as its objective protecting 50 million hectares of the Brazilian Amazon by 2013. Coordinated by the Ministry of the Environment, ARPA possesses an innovative institutional arrangement of public and private sector partnerships in which FUNBIO has actively participated from its conception, including in the capacity of financial manager.

The effort made for the creation and consolidation of protected areas within the coverage of ARPA makes up part of the process of structuration of the National System of Units of Conservation (SNUC), which in turn is part of Brazil’s commitment as a signatory nation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

The goals of ARPA were:

By 2007 – Create 18 million hectares of new unites of conservation for sustainable use or full protection. Consolidate 7 million hectares of existing units of conservation for full protection.

By 2009 – Create 19.5 million hectares of new national parks, biological reserves, and ecological stations. Consolidate 20.5 million hectares of previously created units of conservation.

By 2013 – Reach a total of 50 million hectares of units of conservation in the Amazon.

With the objective of supplying strategic orientation for the implementation of Phase II of the ARPA Program, the Brazilian government promoted the development of a proposal for a base document, which constitutes the conceptual mark for the start of this new phase. This process was conducted during the first semester of 2009, and public consultation for this continued until October of 2009.

Read about the funds earmarked for ARPA by clicking here.

Read more about

Results of the first fase of the program (in Portuguese):  Gestão Financeira e Efetividade de Gestão.

Sources: Brazilian Fund for Biodiversity. The ARPA Program. Site accessed in July 2010 and Program Protected Areas of the Amazon (ARPA)